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In 1904-1905, between the Fabric and Elisabetin neighborhoods, a slaughterhouse for cattle and pigs
The Slaughterhouse
The Slaughterhouse

Abatorul, Bulevardul Eroilor de la Tisa, nr. 24

In 1904-1905, between the Fabric and Elisabetin neighborhoods, a slaughterhouse for cattle and pigs was built on an area of six cadastral yards, which corresponded to all modern requirements at that time, both in terms of size and equipment. .

The need to set up a modern slaughterhouse to improve animal health conditions was increasingly felt in Timișoara at the end of the 19th century. In this context, in 1904-1905, between the Fabric and Elisabetin neighborhoods, a slaughterhouse for cattle and pigs was built on an area of six cadastral yards, which corresponded to all modern requirements at that time, both in terms of size and equipment.

This institution was managed by the city authorities, through a director-veterinarian, who was assisted by two more veterinarians. In addition to these, another 14 people were employed as machinists, stokers, etc. They also served the Ice Factory, which was set up here in 1910 with the conversion of the cooling plant. The Dairy Plant which provided healthy, sterilized milk to the city's residents, was in the same location. Since the Slaughterhouse was a public health institution, the slaughter fees were fixed in such a way as not to damage the city’s budget.

The construction of the Slaughterhouse, which comprised eleven buildings, involved an investment of approximately 800,000 crowns, an amount that included both construction costs and the value of the land, and the costs of arranging the access road.

The slaughterhouse was designed by architect László Székely and built by a local entrepreneur, Eugen Klein. At present, it is a historical monument ensemble - code LMI TM-II-m-A-06134. From the totality of the buildings that made up the ensemble are preserved: the central body (with a volume of medieval inspiration), the two access pavilions, and the former slaughter halls and part of the historical enclosure. This is one of the few industrial heritage ensembles partially preserved on the territory of Timișoara.        

Bibliography::

Josef Geml, The old Timișoara in the last half of the century 1870-1920, Cosmopolitan Art Publishing House, Timișoara, 2016.

Video

The Slaughterhouse

Care erau cele mai importante fabrici din oraș? A fost Tehnometal, fostă Bozsák, căruia i-a aparținut înainte de naționalizare. Această întreprindere făcea trioare, selectoare pentru cereale, butoaie de metal de 200 de litri. Asta pe de o parte. Pe de altă parte avea secția de țesătorie și perforajul. Inițial Tehnometalul a fost pe strada Gloriei, în Fabric, în spatele Fabricii de bere, apoi s-a dezvoltat pe Calea Buziașului, unde s-a mutat. Pe Gloriei a rămas numai perforajul. A fost apoi UTT-ul, o fabrică foarte mare. Înainte de naționalizare se numea Romitex. Era o fabrică de textile. Important a fost și Abatorul, pe strada Eroilor, unde sunt statuile cu doi oameni, care țin taurii de coarne. Se făcea chiar și un banc și se spunea că numai cei doi care țineau taurul de coarne nu au furat de la abator. Aici au fost făcute multe modernizări. La început a fost un primitivism total, când am lucrat eu la ei. S-a schimbat total. Era o cruzime ce se făcea cu animalele acolo. S-au introdus niște reguli, boitașul, cel ce ducea animalele la sacrificare, nu avea voie să dea cu biciul sau ciomagul în ele, fie că erau bovine, ovine sau porcine.

Ioan Banu, născut în 1939 – fragment din interviul realizat de Adrian Onică la Timișoara în 2004, Basarabeni şi bucovineni în Banat. Povestiri de viaţă, ediția a II -a, Editura Brumar, Timişoara, 2011.

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